Archives for the month of: December, 2010

The martial arts of today’s world are systematic and rigorous methods for using one’s body as a weapon in combat. There are generally considered to be three types of martial arts; those that involve strikes, those that involve grappling and those that involve weapons. Each martial art is unique and often stems from an style developed earlier, often with a combination of the main three fighting types. The martial arts are often created by a master of an older style or possibly by a group of fighting masters who have come together to combine their skills.

Chinese Origin
Kung-Fu (Wushu): Derived from the ancient fighting styles and divided into distinct schools, Wushu is one of the oldest martial arts and is the source for many modern day styles. It involves traning for both internal energy called qi and external techniques of strikes and weapons.

Tai Chi: Translated as Supreme Ultimate fist is a style that promotes self-defense and is often practiced for health benefits. Often practiced with slow movements, there are two main features: the solo form practiced with emphasis on the straight spine and the pushing hands which is practiced with a partner.

Jun Fan Jeet Kun Do: This martial art derived from the work and practices of the famous film legend Bruce Lee. This take on martial arts is different in that there is no rigid style set out for the student, the learner is suppose to allow their movements to flow like “dry land swimming”. Jeet Kun Do is meant to free the student from styles and methods, becoming more of a philosophy in fighting or expression. The art is suppose to remain simple and has a few principles to follow while training.

Japanese Origin
Karate: One of the most famous styles made widely known by the movie Karate kid made in the 1980’s, Karate is mainly composed of strikes. The philosophy of karate is aimed to free one of evil thoughts and the student is taught to almost never use the fighting techniques except for the most extreme conditions. The use of different colored belts is also used to denote rank.

Jujitsu: This style is based on making the opponent use their own force against them. It is generally considered a grappling technique and a branch of the martial art formed in South American called Brazilian Jujitsu.

Judo: This method is also a grappling technique like Jujitsu but unlike jujitsu it is centered around a different philosophy. Jujitsu is considered the art or science of softness while Judo is considered the path or way of softness. It was started in the late 19th century by a Japanese man Jigoro Kano.

Aikido: This art is generally considered a grappling art and is distinct because it requires very little strength to perform the moves. Philosophically its much closer to judo and could be translated the “way of combining forces”.

Other:
Kalari Payat (India): An Indian martial art practiced in the South Indian state of Kerala. It involves a large range of athletic movements for flexibility, striking techniques for hand-to-hand combat as well as weapons like daggers, swords and staffs. One of the most unique weapons found in Kalari is the Urumi, which is a flexible sword that can fit around the waste.

Muay Thai (Thailand): Is probably the most strike focused and is considered to be a kickboxing style of martial art. The formal movements are divided into two groups, a major group (mae mai) and a minor group (luk mai). The techniques follow the body parts used to fight, including punching, elbow, kicking, knee, foot-thrust, clinch and neck wrestling.

Taekwondo (Korean): Like Muay Thai, it is also a kickboxing style of marital art. There are two main branches of taekwondo, there is the traditional style and the sport style. There are also two different expressions in philosophy of taekwondo; there is the International Taekwondo Federation’s two oaths, and there is the Kukkiwon philosophy based on Eastern principles of samje, yin and yang. The raking is usually kept simple between junior and senior.

Sambo (Russia): This is considered an off-shoot of judo and karate with a lot of focus on wrestling. It is considered to have two founders, Viktor Spirindonov and Vasili Oshchepkov are considered the founders, who trained individually to later join their styles in the new form called Sambo. Following this, there are three main branches of Sambo, sport, combat and freestyle and ranking is done with competitive ratings or, less frequently, belts.

Honorable mention: Hapkido (Korean), Capoira (Afro-Brazil), Savate (France), glima (Iceland), Qinna (Chinese), Eskrima (Filipino), Kendo (Japanese), Gatka (India), Unifight (US Military), Krav maga (Isreal), Kapap (Isreal) and Gymnopaedia (ancient Sparta)

All of these combat techniques and methods have been used over the years in many different competitions and tournaments to see which style and fighter is the most dominant. Today, two of the most famous tournaments are the Ultimate Fighting championship hosted in the US and Pride which is hosted in Japan. Fedor Emilenenko and Josh Barnett are considered two of the best fighters, to enter the ring in combat, alive today.

A video to finish the post off

This is a post listing some of my favorite music and tunes. This is not in any particular order, just a list.

1- Train – Hey Soul Sister ()

2- Kenny Chesney – Somewhere With You ()

3- Robyn – Indestructible (http://awe.sm/5E9xB)

4- One Republic – Secrets ()

5- Kesha – We R Who We R ()

6- Lady Antebellum – Need You Now ()

7- Metric – Black Sheep ()

8- Far East Movement – Like A G6 ()

9- Paramore – The Only Exception ()

10- Charlie Winston – Like A Hobo ()

Honorary mention (douche award) – Enrique Iglesias – Tonight ()

One can find a lot of information and bits of information on medicine, but it is good to have a basic understanding of the principles of medicine for the purposes of staying healthy and making sure you know how to treat disease that can arise.  To start, it may be better to take a reverse look at medicine by looking at what causes the health issue rather than what the medicine itself.  For example, there are bacterial infections, viral infections, fungal and other parasites, but the main idea behind disease is a set of symptoms which is formed by a medical condition that is detected by discomfort.  Disease can also be found either locally, systemically or disseminated in the body.  It is worth noting that this is different from injury, which would be a more closely associated with physical damage caused by accident or violence.

The infections or diseases listed above are called pathogenic diseases, but it is important to remember that disease can come from deficiencies, hereditary issues or psychological problems.  Its important to remember that terminologies can change to describe different states of disease and the treatments for them.  This is an interesting facet of medicine because so much of the world revolves around terminologies and assigning names to complex chemical drugs.  An common example of this is the wide spread use of paracetamol, a popular pain killer, under different brand names like Panadol, Tylenol, Tempra, Datril, Efferalgan, Doliprane, Crocin, Napa and more.  This chemical can also be combined with other drugs for different effects, creating a whole new set of names and terminologies to remember.  This is all part of the world of pharmacy.

In general, remembering the name of the drug will be more useful as that will be consistent throughout the different drug company brands and cover names.  This is the basic approach to curing basic diseases.  The body is one of the most complex and fascinating organisms on the planet which can take years to grasp its inner workings.  Surgery and chemotherapy are other allopathic approaches to healing, often used for cancer or metastasis.  Vaccines are another way to treat diseases, by creating immunities from the original virus often with a much longer effect, reaching throughout the person’s life.

If one enters the world of alternative healing the possibilities are extensive.  Chinese medicines are some of the most prevalent in the modern world, but exist along side Indian Ayurvedic treatments, homeopathy, acupuncture and herbalism which are all types of alternative medicine.  These are often considered more natural as well and can include certain types of meditation or holistic practices to accompany the treatment.